Pope John Sets Opening Date For Second Vatican Council

Pope John XXIII on Feb. 2, 1962, set Oct. 11 as the opening date for the long-heralded ecumenical council.

In so doing he chose to tie it to the memory of the Council of Ephesus in 431, whose decisions upheld belief in the Virgin Mary as Mother of God, which remains today a keystone in the belief of both Catholics and Orthodox Christians. Oct. 11 is the feast of the Divine Maternity of Mary. Continue reading